Li, GW, Burkhardt, D, Gross, C and Weissman, JS (2014) Quantifying absolute protein synthesis rates reveals principles underlying allocation of cellular resources. Cell 157:624-35
Quantitative views of cellular functions require precise measures of rates of biomolecule production, especially proteins-the direct effectors of biological processes. Here, we present a genome-wide approach, based on ribosome profiling, for measuring absolute protein synthesis rates. The resultant E. coli data set transforms our understanding of the extent to which protein synthesis is precisely controlled to optimize function and efficiency. Members of multiprotein complexes are made in precise proportion to their stoichiometry, whereas components of functional modules are produced differentially according to their hierarchical role. Estimates of absolute protein abundance also reveal principles for optimizing design. These include how the level of different types of transcription factors is optimized for rapid response and how a metabolic pathway (methionine biosynthesis) balances production cost with activity requirements. Our studies reveal how general principles, important both for understanding natural systems and for synthesizing new ones, emerge from quantitative analyses of protein synthesis.
Bacterial Proteins/metabolism; Escherichia coli/metabolism; Genome-Wide Association Study; Methionine/biosynthesis; Multiprotein Complexes/metabolism; Protein Biosynthesis; Ribosomes/metabolism; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism; Transcription Factors/metabolism
You can help EcoliWiki by summarizing why this paper is useful
Useful Materials and Methods
You can help Ecoliwiki by describing the useful materials (strains, plasmids, antibodies, etc) described in this paper.
Add links to pages that link here (e.g. gene, product, method pages)
See Help:References for how to manage references in EcoliWiki.